Your Comprehensive Guide to 5 Types of Programming Languages

Programming is an in-demand skill in today’s job market.

A basic understanding of how software works can be helpful for anyone who interacts with technology.

With programming expertise, you can find employment in coding, software design, data architecture, or creating user-friendly interfaces.

This article will examine some of the most common programming language types.

Although there are many ways to categorize various programming languages, they usually fall into five main categories.

Keep in mind that some languages may belong to more than one type:

Procedural programming languages

Procedural languages follow a sequence of statements or commands to produce a desired output.

A series of steps is known as a procedure, and a program written in one of these languages will have one or more systems within it.

Some examples of procedural languages are C and C++, Java, Pascal, and BASIC.

Functional programming languages

Functional languages concentrate on the output of mathematical functions and evaluations instead of focusing on the execution of statements.

Each part, a reusable code module, performs a specific task and returns a result that depends on the data you enter into the function.

Some popular functional programming languages include Scala, Erlang, Haskell, Elixir, and F#.

Object-oriented programming languages

This type of language treats a program as a group of objects consisting of data and program elements, such as attributes and methods.

Things can be reused within a program or in other programs. It is a popular language type for complex programs because the code is easier to reuse and scale.

Some joint object-oriented programming (OOP) languages include Java, Python, PHP, C++, and Ruby.

Scripting languages

Programmers employ scripting languages to automate repetitive tasks, manage dynamic web content, or support processes in larger applications.

Some common scripting languages include PHP, Ruby, Python, Bash, Perl, and Node.js.

Logic programming languages

A logical programming language expresses a series of facts and rules to instruct the computer on how to make decisions rather than telling the computer what to do.

Some examples of logic languages include Prolog, Absys, Datalog, and Alma-0.

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*** This blog post is based on information from Coursera.

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